Scientific Name: Quercus alba
Origin: Eastern and Central US
Why is it called White Oak? It usually has light gray bark, though you will rarely find one with white bark. The White Oak is named for the color of the finished wood.
Common Names: Eastern White Oak and Stave Oak
Mature Height: 50-80 feet
Mature Width/Spread: 50-80 feet
Leaves: They are 5-9 inches long, have 7 to 9 lobes, and are alternately arranged on the stems. The leaves are widest in the middle and have a rounded tip and wedge-shaped base. They are bright green above and whitish underneath.
In the fall, the leaves become: Red or brown
Historical tidbit: The USS Constitution is a famous naval ship that is made of Eastern White Oak and Southern Live Oak. It also known as Old Ironsides for its naval battles in the War of 1812.
Did you know …
- Its acorns grow up to one inch long and mature and drop in the fall? The acorns are a valuable food source for squirrels, deer, rabbits and many birds.
- The White Oak can live for 200 to 300 years.
- Even though it’s native to North America, this tree is an endangered species.
- The Eastern White Oak is the state tree of Connecticut, Illinois, and Maryland.
Photos courtesy of the Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Tree species information from http://forestry.ohiodnr.gov/trees
PAGE INFORMATION WAS COMPILED AS PART OF NOAH WERNING’S 2020 EAGLE SCOUT PROJECT.