Scientific Name: Quercus velutina
Origin: Eastern and central US
Why is it called Black Oak? The bark is dark gray to black bark. It was previously known as yellow oak because the inner bark has a yellowish pigment called quercitron.
Common Names: Eastern Black Oak, Black Oak, Quercitron Oak, Yellow Oak, Yellow Bark Oak
Mature Height: 50 to 60 feet
Mature Width/Spread: About 60 feet
Leaves: Black Oak leaves alternate, are 5 to 9 inches long, and have 5 to 7 irregular bristle tipped lobes. They are shiny and green on top and yellow-green on the undersurface.
In the fall, the leaves become: Dull red-orange to brown
Historical tidbit: Native Americans used black oak to treat indigestion, chills, fevers, respiratory problems, and sore eyes. It was also used as an antiseptic.
Did you know …
- the species name ‘velutina’ is a reference to the underside of the leaves of black oak, which are covered with fine hairs.
- the acorns are slightly smaller but have a larger cap than the White Oak’s acorns.
- the yellowish-orange inner bark is bitter tasting.
PAGE INFORMATION WAS COMPILED AS PART OF NOAH WERNING’S 2020 EAGLE SCOUT PROJECT.